Sodium chloride or salt is a beneficial substance for the body, when consumed in moderate amounts, respectively 2 grams per day, according to the recommendations of the World Health Organization.


 Too Much Sodium! Side Effects

side effects of eating too much salt


The sodium contained in food salt helps maintain adequate fluid in the body, transmits nerve impulses and contracts muscles.


Contents:

  1. The effects of excessive salt intake on the body
  2. Diseases associated with excess salt
  3. Tips and recommendations



The sodium contained in food salt helps maintain adequate fluid in the body, transmits nerve impulses and contracts muscles.


Consumed in excess, however, salt has negative effects on the health of the heart and circulatory system.


According to statistics, the general population consumes 10-12 grams of salt per day, which is 5-6 times more than recommended. And that's because of processed foods, semi-prepared or fast food, full of salt.


Salt retains water in the body, which leads to an increase in blood volume and, implicitly, to an increase in blood pressure.


The sodium content of salt also causes the contraction of the arterioles (small arteries), thus leading to increased blood pressure and forcing the heart muscle. In conclusion, a diet that respects optimal salt intake helps you prevent cardiovascular disease.



Diseases Associated With Excess Salt


Heart Failure Due to Too Much Salt:

A high amount of sodium in the blood leads to high blood pressure. In turn, it can cause diabetes, heart attacks and strokes.


Kidney Problems From Excess Sodium:

Studies have shown that the kidneys retain sodium and water in the body, causing impaired kidney function. Besides, food sources wealthy in calcium advance the improvement of urinary calcium, which enters the arrangement of kidney stones. The presence of kidney stones is likewise impacted by hypertension.


Edema or Water Retention From Too Much

Sodium:

When you eat salty, your body accumulates excess fluids You might encounter enlarging of your hands or feet or wrists, supplemented by a sensation of solidness.


Stroke From Excess Sodium:

Excess salt causes more than 75,000 strokes annually. One third of affected patients die as a result of such a stroke.


Gastric Cancer From Too Much Sodium:

Sodium damages the stomach lining, making it more vulnerable to H. pylori bacteria. It is responsible for more than half of all cases of ulcers, a disease that can unfortunately progress to cancer.


Too Much Salt May Cause High Blood

Pressure:

is manifested by an increase in the volume of the walls of the left ventricle of the heart and is most often a consequence of overloading the heart muscle and increasing blood pressure.


Osteoporosis Due To Too Much Salt:

Salty foods cause calcium to be excreted in the urine. In the absence of calcium, the bones become more fragile and more prone to fractures.


This is how you can keep your heart and arteries healthy, thus reducing your body's salt intake: 


Avoid eating sausages, industrially prepared products, pickles, smoked fish or canned products.

 

Replace the salt based on sodium with that which contains potassium chloride.

 

Choose steam cooking, stewing and cooking food. This way, the food will keep all its vitamins and their natural taste, and you won't have to add salt to them.

 

Use spices such as garlic, onion, dill, lemon. They give a special taste to cooked food and there is no need to add so much salt.

 

Eat fruits, vegetables and whole grains. They are high in fiber and retain excess fat and sugar.

 

Consume sodium-poor water.

 

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