What are the main human needs ranked in Maslow's pyramid?


Maslow pyramid

The hierarchy of needs, created by Abraham Maslo, is one of the best known theories of motivation. Its author states that our actions are motivated by certain physiological needs. It is often represented by a pyramid, with basic needs at the bottom and more complex needs at the top.



Contents:

  • What is the hierarchy of needs from Maslow's perspective?
  • Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Has Five Different Levels
  1. Physiological Needs
  2. Security and Safety Needs
  3. Social Needs
  4. Respect Needs
  5. Self-realization Needs



What is the hierarchy of needs from Maslow's perspective?

Abraham Maslow first introduced the concept of the hierarchy of needs in his 1943 paper, A Theory of Human Motivation, and again in his later book, Motivation and Personality. This hierarchy suggests that people are motivated to meet their basic needs before moving on to more advanced needs.

While some of the schools of thought at the time — such as psychoanalysis and behaviorism — tended to focus on problematic behaviors, Maslow was more interested in learning about what makes people happy and what they do. do to achieve this goal.

As a humanist, Maslow believed that people have an innate desire to surpass themselves and reach their full potential. In order to achieve this ultimate goal, however, a number of basic needs must be met. These include the need for food, security, love and esteem.



Maslow's hierarchy of needs has five different levels

Maslow believed that these needs were similar to instincts and played a major role in motivating behavior.

There are five different levels of Maslow's hierarchy of needs, starting with the lowest level known as physiological needs.



Physiological Needs

Physiological needs are quite obvious and include needs that are vital to our survival. Examples of physiological needs include: food, water, respiration, shelter, and clothing. Maslow also included sexual reproduction at this level of the hierarchy, as it is essential for the survival and spread of the species.



Security and Safety Needs

As we move to the second level of Maslow's hierarchy, the needs begin to become a little more complex At this level, wellbeing and security needs becomes the main principal.

People want control and order in their lives. So the need for safety and security contributes greatly to the behaviors at this level. Some basic security and safety needs include: financial security, health and well-being, accident and injury safety. Finding a job, getting health insurance and health care, having a savings account, and moving to a better neighborhood sure are all examples of actions motivated by security and safety needs.

Together, the safety and physiological levels of Maslow's hierarchy of needs make up what is often known as "basic needs."


Social Needs

Social needs in Maslow's hierarchy include things like love, acceptance, and belonging. At this level, the need for emotional relationships determines human behavior. Some of the things that meet this need include: friends, romantic relationships, family relationships, social groups, communities, churches, and religious organizations.

To avoid problems such as loneliness, depression, and anxiety, it is important for people to feel loved and accepted by others. Relationships with friends, family, and loved ones play an important role, as does involvement in groups such as religious groups, sports teams, book clubs, and other group activities.


Need for Esteem

At the fourth level in Maslow's hierarchy is the need for appreciation and respect. Once the needs of the lower three levels have been met, the needs of esteem begin to play a more important role in motivating behavior.

At this level, it is becoming more and more important to earn the respect and appreciation of others. People need to accomplish things and then be recognized for their efforts. In addition to the need for feelings of accomplishment and prestige, esteem needs include things like self-esteem and self-worth.

People need to feel appreciated by others and feel that they are making a contribution to the world. Achievements in professional life, academic achievements, participation in team sports and personal hobbies can all play a role in meeting esteem needs. People who are able to satisfy their self-esteem with good self-esteem and recognition of others tend to feel confident in their abilities. Instead, those who lack self-esteem and respect for others may develop feelings of inferiority. Together, esteem and social levels make up what is known as the "psychological needs" of the hierarchy.


Self-Fulfillment Needs

At the top of Maslow's hierarchy are self-fulfillment needs. This includes the need for people to be self-aware, for their personal development, without being affected by the opinions of others on the way to reaching their full potential. When someone makes the most of their talents and abilities and feels that they are making a difference in the world, they feel truly fulfilled.

The first three categories of needs are considered essential, basic, and the next ones need to be increased. The latter do not come from lack of something, but rather from the desire to grow as a person.

Maslow pointed out that the order in which these needs are met does not always follow the progression shown in the pyramid.

For example, he noted that for some individuals, the need for self-esteem is more important than the need for love. For others, the need for creative fulfillment may even replace basic needs.

The main pillar of Maslow's theory states that if we are motivated by our needs as humans. In addition, if some of our most important needs are unmet, we may not be able to make progress and meet our other needs. This can help explain why we or our loved ones may feel "stuck" or unmotivated. Our basic needs may not be met, preventing us from being the best version of ourselves. Changing this requires looking at what we need, and then finding a way to achieve it.

Maslow's theory sheds light on the many needs we have as human beings. And even if we do not all place these needs in the same order, it is important to know them when we interact with others because it can help us develop more harmonious relationships.